Table of Contents Context Early in the yearin the small Massachusetts village of Salem, a collection of girls fell ill, falling victim to hallucinations and seizures.
Arthur Miller, Elia Kazan and the Blacklist: Though eventually his accusations were proven to be untrue, and he was censured by the Senate for unbecoming conduct, his zealous campaigning ushered in one of the most repressive times in 20th-century American politics.
Known as McCarthyism, the paranoid hunt for infiltrators was notoriously difficult on writers and entertainers, many of whom were labeled communist sympathizers and were unable to continue working. Some had their passports taken away, while others were jailed for refusing to give the names of other communists.
The trials, which were well publicized, could often destroy a career with a single unsubstantiated accusation. In all, three hundred and twenty artists were blacklisted, and for many of them this meant the end of exceptional and promising careers.
Playwright Arthur Miller During this time there were few in the press willing to stand up against McCarthy and the anti-Communist machine. Among those few were comedian Mort Sahland journalist Edward R. Murrowwhose strong criticisms of McCarthy are often cited as playing an important role in his eventual removal from power.
Bythe fervor had died down and many actors and writers were able to return to work. Though relatively short, these proceedings remain one of the most shameful moments in modern U.The Red Scare of the s was thriving and the presidents waged How did the Red Scare affect that was seen as a threat in the form of communism during the Red Scare of the s and s include For most of the 20th century.
the term Red and Red scare were synonymous with the fear of Communism Attacking. Of the 12 largest cities in the United States, 11 lost population during the s.
The one exception was Los Angeles, which became a kind of car-culture mecca. The cities suffered economically and culturally as . There were several reasons that caused the fear of communism in the United States. These include the Red Scare and McCarthyism, the association communism had with the Soviet Union, The Cold War and finally, the simple fact that communism was the complete opposite of capitalism.
First of all, newspaper articles were key during the Cold War era because of their daily frequency and high circulation number: print media used to be America’s main source of information during the Cold War era.
Just like movie posters, print media graphics would use recognizable imagery and bold typefaces. The philosophical basis of this fear was based on the significant differences between capitalism and communism as economic systems while the most noteworthy historical examples of it were the Red Scare after World War I, McCarthyism in the s and the Cold War.
First of all, newspaper articles were key during the Cold War era because of their daily frequency and high circulation number: print media used to be America’s main source of information during the Cold War era. Just like movie posters, print media graphics would use recognizable imagery and bold typefaces. In , fewer than 50, Americans out of a total US population of million were members of the Communist Party. Yet in the late s and early s, American fears of internal communist subversion reached a nearly hysterical pitch. While the House Un-American Activities Committee had been formed in as an anti-Communist organ, McCarthy’s accusations heightened the political tensions of the times.
While the House Un-American Activities Committee had been formed in as an anti-Communist organ, McCarthy’s accusations heightened the political tensions of the times.