Introduction to Franz Boas
He became the father of anthropology and taught many of the leading names in the early days of the field such as Ruth Benedict, Ruth Bendt and Margaret Mead.
However, Boaz was also a very controversial figure. In the decades leading up to WWII, social scientists were often enamored with what I like to call the evil trinity of modern thought; eugenics, soc Franz Boaz was a German Jewish scholar who came to North America in the s to study Native American tribes and ended up staying in the USA.
In the decades leading up to WWII, social scientists were often enamored with what I like to call the evil trinity of modern thought; eugenics, social darwinism and Nietzche's theory of the ubermensch.
Social scientists wanted to find the master race and recreate a new and improved humanity long before Hitler took the lead in that department in the s. But Boaz would have none of it. He was not a believer in eugenics, and he did not believe that some human types were inherently superior to others.
This bought him ridicule and a reputation as a reactionary in those heady days of the s and 30s. Nevertheless, even though Boaz did not live to see it, he was proven right when mankind saw what an abomination these theories could lead to in Hitler's Germany and its racial policies and death camps.
In the end, Boaz and not his crusading students was proven right. In "Anthropology and Modern Life", Boaz reiterates many of his usual themes. Most specifically he taught that environment influences human types and development far more than genetics does.
He discusses research that proves this and shows that members of the same race in different environments are more different than members of different races who happen to be in the same environment.
He also discusses the nature of "primitive" versus "Civilized" societies. At a time when most of his contemporaries were still referring to some races as "savages", Boaz warns us that different races develop according to their environments and not according to Western ideas of what constitutes a civilized society.
His writing is downright refreshing after reading some of the writings of other early anthropologists, who were far more inclined to judge the peoples that they studied rather than study them objectively.
This book, like others by Boaz, is must reading for any student who is serious about understanding the development of the field of anthropology. Boas contends that any population-averaged variations in human mental ability from race to race if you can even properly pick out a race would be swamped by the individual-to-individual variations due to other factors.
Therefore, you should never deny any individual equal participation in society, because you can't t This essay felt a little bit dated, but there was a useful treatment of the effect of race on human potential- material to keep in mind to ensure we promote a racism-free society.
Therefore, you should never deny any individual equal participation in society, because you can't tell conclusively whether he will be subject to individual brilliance if you can even come up with a universal definition for brilliance, that is. I would love to see the assertions in the essay updated and supported by combining them with a much larger dose of modern statistics.Franz Boas, né le 9 juillet à Minden  en Westphalie dans le Royaume de Prusse et mort le 21 décembre  à New York, est un anthropologue américain d'origine allemande, souvent désigné comme le «père fondateur de l'anthropologie américaine» et de la méthode intensive de terrain.
Il est la première grande figure de l'anthropologie à . Franz Boas’s most popular book is Anthropology and Modern Life. Introduction to Handbook of American Indian Languages and Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico by.
Franz Boas, Preston Holder (Editor). Sociology is only one of the social sciences and other disciplines share its interest in many topics. Its interest in communication and public opinion is shared by psychology and political science, criminology is shared with psychology, political science and .
Introduction to Franz Boas () FREE PREVIEW. A year of life among the Eskimos had a profound impact on the views of Franz Boas.
He intended to map the Arctic coastline and study the culture. The list below is from the book The Jewish A Ranking of the Most Influential Jews of all Time (Citadel Press Book, ), written by Michael Shapiro.
Shapiro is a noted composer who lives in New York. The book features excellent essays about each individual listed, noting accomplishments and discussion each person's influence.
Franz Boas, the daddy of American anthropology, gives his view on issues ranging from races and discrimination, nationalism, education, and modern life. An influential book it sees, it argues many things that seem somewhat boring today because we take them for granted, especially in /5.