Balconies with wrought-iron railings, or Renaissance balustrading Balustrades concealing the roof-scape Interior decoration[ edit ] Government House, Melbourne.
The Hall decorated in 19th-century Italianate style. In interior decoration there were direct parallels to "Italianate" architecture with free re-combinations of decorative features drawn from Italian 16th-century architecture and objects, which were applied to purely 19th century forms.
Wardrobes and dressers could be dressed in Italianate detailing as well as row houses. In he published Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery and other Details which was very influential in Britain and later in the United States, where the book was published in Although the archaeology of Mr.
Eastlake's volume was always careful, most of the principles in it are beyond question, and can be generally stated in a few words. The Italianate style would have no carving or molding or other ornament glued on—such work must be done in the solid; no mitered joints, but joints made at the right angle, and secured by mortise, tenon and pin; woods in their native colour, and unvarnished, or else painted in flat colour, with a contrasting line and a stenciled ornament at the angles; unconcealed construction everywhere, and purposes plainly proclaimed; and with veneering, round corners and all curves weakening the grain of the wood being absolutely forbidden.
The furniture that he thus proposed has straight, strong, squarely cut members equal to their intention. Its ornament is painted panels, porcelain plaques and tiles, metal trimmings, and conventionalized carvings in sunk relief, a part of the construction entering into the ornament, also in the shape of narrow striated strips of wood radiating in opposite Gothic style in britain essay, after a fashion not altogether unknown in the time of Henry III.
Kaitlin Prest’s audio drama about romance is cringey but touching, while Angela Carter’s grim fairytales get a fantastic radio treatment. Some examples of Victorian architecture include the Palace of Westminster (, Neo-Gothic), where the parliament of the United Kingdom meets, the Brooklyn Bridge (), which connects Manhattan to Brooklyn, and the Carson Mansion in Eureka, Florida (, one of the most striking examples of the Queen Anne Style). Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers. You can view samples of our professional work here.. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.
It has the honesty and solidity, but not the attraction, of the Medieval; and if it is stiff and somewhat heavy, and fails entirely to please, it has yet a wholesome and healthy air. By region[ edit ] England and Wales[ edit ] Cliveden: Charles Barry's Italianate,  Neo-Renaissance mansion with "confident allusions to the wealth of Italian merchant princes.
The great Italian villas were often a starting point for the buildings of the 19th-century Italianate style. Commissioned by the dowager Lady Ashburton as a country retreat, this small country house clearly shows the transition between the picturesque of William Gilpin and Nash's yet to be fully evolved Italianism.
While this house can still be described as Regencyits informal asymmetrical plan together with its loggias and balconies of both stone and wrought iron; tower and low pitched roof clearly are very similar to the fully Italianate design of Cronkhill the house generally considered to be the first example of the Italianate style in Britain.
Later examples of the Italianate style in England tend to take the form of Palladian -style building often enhanced by a belvedere tower complete with Renaissance -type balustrading at the roof level. This is generally a more stylistic interpretation of what architects and patrons imagined to be the case in Italy, and utilises more obviously the Italian Renaissance motifs than those earlier examples of the Italianate style by Nash.
Sir Charles Barry, most notable for his works on the Tudor and Gothic styles at the Houses of Parliament in London, was a great promoter of the style.
Unlike Nash he found his inspiration in Italy itself. Barry drew heavily on the designs of the original Renaissance villas of Romethe Lazio and the Veneto or as he put it: Although it has been claimed that one third of early Victorian country houses in England used classical styles, mostly Italianate,  by the style was falling from favour and Cliveden came to be regarded as "a declining essay in a declining fashion.
Following the completion of Osborne House inthe style became a popular choice of design for the small mansions built by the new and wealthy industrialists of the era.
These were mostly built in cities surrounded by large but not extensive gardens, often laid out in a terrace Tuscan style as well. On occasions very similar, if not identical, designs to these Italianate villas would be topped by mansard roofsand then termed chateauesque.
However, "after a modest spate of Italianate villas, and French chateaux"  by the most favoured style of an English country house was Gothic, Tudor, or Elizabethan.
The Italianate style came to the small town of Newton Abbot and the village of Starcross in Devon, with Isambard Brunel's atmospheric railway pumping houses.
The style was later used by Humphrey Abberley and Joseph Rowell who designed a large number of houses, with the new railway station as the focal point, for Lord Courtenay who saw the potential of the railway age.
An example that is not very well known, but a clear example of Italianate architecture, is St. Christopher's Anglican church in Hinchley WoodSurreyparticularly given the design of its bell tower.
He incorporated fragments of demolished buildings, including works by a number of other architects.
Portmeirion's architectural bricolage and deliberately fanciful nostalgia have been noted as an influence on the development of postmodernism in architecture in the late 20th century. Scotland[ edit ] The Italianate revival was comparatively less prevalent in Scottish architecture, although features in some of the work of Alexander "Greek" Thomson and buildings such as Glasgow City Chambers.
Lebanon[ edit ] The Italian, specifically, Tuscan, influence on architecture in Lebanon dates back to the Renaissance when Fakhreddinethe first Lebanese ruler who truly unified Mount Lebanon with its Mediterranean coast executed an ambitious plan to develop his country.
When the Ottomans exiled Fakhreddine to Tuscany inhe entered an alliance with the Medicis.
Upon his return to Lebanon inhe began modernising Lebanon. He developed a silk industry, upgraded olive-oil production, and brought with him numerous Italian engineers who began the construction of mansions and civil building throughout the country.Professor John Mullan examines the origins of the Gothic, explaining how the genre became one of the most popular of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and the subsequent integration of Gothic elements into mainstream Victorian fiction.
- Misguided Gothic Authors In many ways the fascination with the gothic style of art, represented by music, literature, film, and others, is nothing more than a way for the observer to escape from real life and its many responsibilities.
The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.. In the Italianate style, the models and architectural vocabulary of 16th-century Italian Renaissance architecture, which had served as inspiration for both Palladianism and Neoclassicism, were synthesised with picturesque aesthetics.
The style of architecture that was thus created. Essay Gothic Style and Its Influence on Modern Day Concept Arts SESSION / GKA Research Methodology Title: The Study of Gothic Style and Its Influence on Modern Day Concept Arts Introduction: Gothic art flourished from the 12th century to the 16th century in Europe in response of the Byzantine and Romanesque tradition.
The Gothic grew out of the Romanesque architectural style, when both prosperity and relative peace allowed for several centuries of cultural development and great building schemes.
From roughly to , several significant cathedrals and churches were built, particularly in Britain and France, offering architects and masons a chance to . OUTLINE. 1. INTRODUCTION.
Aims of the unit. Notes on bibliography. 2. A HISTORICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE ROMANTIC PERIOD: THE PRE-ROMANTIC PERIOD (BEFORE ).