In order to carry out correct behaviour—that is to say, correct in relation to the survival of the individual—humans have developed innate drives, desires, and emotions and the ability to remember and learn.
Darwin, therefore, argued that emotions evolved via natural selection and therefore have universal cross-cultural counterparts. Darwin also detailed the virtues of experiencing emotions and the parallel experiences that occur in animals.
This led the way for animal research on emotions and the eventual determination of the neural underpinnings of emotion. Contemporary More contemporary views along the evolutionary psychology spectrum posit that both basic emotions and social emotions evolved to motivate social behaviors that were adaptive in the ancestral environment.
MacLean claims that emotion competes with even more instinctive responses, on one hand, and the more abstract reasoning, on the other hand. The increased potential in neuroimaging has also allowed investigation into evolutionarily ancient parts of the brain.
Important neurological advances were derived from these perspectives in the s by Joseph E. Research on social emotion also focuses Happiness emotion and image the physical displays of emotion including body language of animals and humans see affect display.
The first modern version of such theories came from William James in the s. LeDoux  and Robert Zajonc  who are able to appeal to neurological evidence. James—Lange theory In his article  William James argued that feelings and emotions were secondary to physiological phenomena.
In his theory, James proposed that the perception of what he called an "exciting fact" directly led to a physiological response, known as "emotion.
The Danish psychologist Carl Lange also proposed a similar theory at around the same time, and therefore this theory became known as the James—Lange theory. As James wrote, "the perception of bodily changes, as they occur, is the emotion. An emotion-evoking stimulus snake triggers a pattern of physiological response increased heart rate, faster breathing, etc.
This theory is supported by experiments in which by manipulating the bodily state induces a desired emotional state. Its main contribution is the emphasis it places on the embodiment of emotions, especially the argument that changes in the bodily concomitants of emotions can alter their experienced intensity.
Most contemporary neuroscientists would endorse a modified James—Lange view in which bodily feedback modulates the experience of emotion. Cannon—Bard theory Walter Bradford Cannon agreed that physiological responses played a crucial role in emotions, but did not believe that physiological responses alone could explain subjective emotional experiences.
He argued that physiological responses were too slow and often imperceptible and this could not account for the relatively rapid and intense subjective awareness of emotion. An emotion-evoking event snake triggers simultaneously both a physiological response and a conscious experience of an emotion.
Phillip Bard contributed to the theory with his work on animals. Bard found that sensory, motor, and physiological information all had to pass through the diencephalon particularly the thalamusbefore being subjected to any further processing.
Therefore, Cannon also argued that it was not anatomically possible for sensory events to trigger a physiological response prior to triggering conscious awareness and emotional stimuli had to trigger both physiological and experiential aspects of emotion simultaneously.
Schachter did agree that physiological reactions played a big role in emotions. He suggested that physiological reactions contributed to emotional experience by facilitating a focused cognitive appraisal of a given physiologically arousing event and that this appraisal was what defined the subjective emotional experience.
Emotions were thus a result of two-stage process: For example, the physiological arousal, heart pounding, in a response to an evoking stimulus, the sight of a bear in the kitchen.Added up, brain science and our organizational research are in fact debunking the old myths: emotions matter a lot at work.
Happiness is important. Real Self Confidence and Esteem is based in Emotion, not a Self Image To build self confidence and overcome low self esteem is to change how we feel emotionally about ourselves. Jan 13, · What nearly million global news articles, million photographs, 89 million events, billion location mentions and billion emotion scores can teach us about the state of the world in.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure. Scientific discourse has drifted to other meanings and there is no consensus on a definition.
Emotion is often intertwined with mood, temperament, personality, disposition, and motivation.
In some theories, cognition is an important aspect of emotion. Happiness and Sadness As we go through life we experience events that affect us emotionally - Happiness: Emotion and Image introduction. Sometimes the events can make us happy while other times.
Happiness: Emotion and Image Essay in simple words, happiness is an emotion you feel because of chemical hormones produced in the brain.