Psychological Theories Psychodynamic Freud believed that schizophrenia was the result of 2 related processes:
Certain stressors, such as the loss of a close relative, may trigger the disorder because high levels of physiological arousal associated with the neurotransmitter changes are thought to be involved.
To test whether life events are a cause or effect, Hirsch et al carried out a prospective study checking the life events experienced in a year. These findings thus contradict Brown and Birley as they did not find that life events needed to immediately precede a schizophrenic episode, therefore making the sociocultural explanation an incomplete psychological explanation of schizophrenia.
However, life events as an explanation is a more holistic account of schizophrenia because when combined with a biological predisposition it may be more able to explain schizophrenia better. Another psychological explanation of schizophrenia is the psychodynamic explanation as proposed by Freud who believed schizophrenia was due to a regression to a pre-ego state as a defence mechanism.
As a result, schizophrenia is seen as an infantile state which is reflected in its symptoms such as delusions of grandeur which reflects this primitive condition.Jun 08, · Discuss psychological explanations of schizophrenia (24 marks) A major sociocultural explanation of schizophrenia is the occurrence of stressful life events.
Certain stressors, such as the loss of a close relative, may trigger the disorder because high levels of physiological arousal associated with the neurotransmitter changes are thought to be involved. November 21, Discuss psychological explanations of schizophrenia essay.
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Biochemical factors The main biochemical explanation for schizophrenia is the dopamine hypothesis. This idea is based on the role of chemical messengers between nerve cells called neurotransmitters.
There seems to be a chemical imbalance in the action of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brains of those with schizophrenia. Psychological explanations of schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder as it often involves a loss of contact with reality and a lack of self insight.
Schizophrenia has a large number of clinical characteristics. Concluding point in an essay of psychological explanations as a whole.
Schizophrenia is a complex disorder and it is unlikely that a single cause will be identified. Most researchers believe that stressful life events can trigger psychotic symptoms in individuals with an .
Expressed emotion (EE) refers to care giver's attitude towards a person with a mental disorder as reflected by comments about the patient made to an interviewer.
The importance of EE depends on research that has consistently established that persons with mental illness, such as schizophrenia.