The number of food scientists will undoubtedly continue to climb over the years, and I am elated to be part of the growing number of professionals who will receive their certification! Here is great video celebrating the first inaugural class of Certified Food Scientists and the benefit of the credential! Taking the CFS Exam:
In the first eight issues and twenty-five articles here at Journey to the Sea, we have explored a wide variety of material produced through mythical thinking.
In this issue, I want to take a step back from these mythic narratives to contrast these two ways of thinking.
Literacy is traditionally defined as the ability to read and write. In the modern world, this is one way of interpreting literacy. A more broad interpretation is literacy as knowledge and competence in a specific area. The concept of literacy has evolved in meaning. How to Cite. Cervetti, G. and Pearson, P. (), Reading, Writing, and Thinking Like a Scientist. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, – doi: Recommended resources Article about reading comprehension. View article abstract: Effective Schools and Accomplished Teachers: Lessons about Primary-Grade Reading Instruction in Low-Income Schools, by Barbara M. Taylor, P. David Pearson, Kathleen Clark and Sharon Walpole (Elementary School Journal) Books by our presenters. The links below to timberdesignmag.com are provided for your convenience.
Grasping the distinction between these two approaches can provide insight into and appreciation for these stories which we might otherwise dismiss as illogical — as well as help us embrace a little more mythical thinking in our own lives.
Those using logical thinking approach the world scientifically and empirically. They look for explanations using observable facts, controlled experiments, and deductive proofs. Truth discovered through logos seeks to be objective and universal. Those using mythical thinking, on the other hand, approach the world through less direct, more intuitive means.
A person might gain poetic insights into the nature of the world by seeing a caterpillar emerge from a cocoon or watching a full moon rise as the sun sets. Truth discovered through mythos is more subjective, based on individual feelings and experiences.
A recent article in New Scientist magazine demonstrates how the techniques of logical thinking have been applied to this question. Bone fragments recently discovered in New Mexico, however, show that this hypothesis was incorrect. The fragments came from an ancestor of the turtle with something like the armor of an armadillo; since the rows of armored plates were not connected to the skeleton, the shells of later turtles could not have been an outgrowth of it.
An Aesopic fable demonstrates how the techniques of mythical thinking have been applied to this same question. In a previous article, I discussed this fable of Zeus and the Turtle in great detail: Zeus invites all the animals to his wedding, but the turtle skips the wedding because she prefers being in her own home than being anywhere else; as punishment, Zeus makes her carry her house with her everywhere she goes.
We do not possess any description of the thought-process involved in the creation of this fable. If a story already existed of a divinity punishing a disobedient creature, the observer may have retold the story with a turtle as the disobedient character to express the insights from this observation; perhaps the events of the narrative and the explanation occurred to the observer simultaneously.
We cannot know for sure the origin of this story, but something like this strikes me as a possible development. The academic discipline of mythology is perhaps best understood as the application of the techniques of logical thinking to the products of mythical thinking; this is nicely illustrated by the fact that the English word mythology is derived from both Greek words mythos and logos.
My own discussion of the Aesopic fable fits nicely within this discipline because it is an attempt to explain the fable in a objective, historical fashion.
But the reverse also occurs: Fantasy authors often incorporate scientific discoveries and theories into their stories: Many science-fiction authors have scientific backgrounds and use narratives to work out for themselves and to convey to others the mythical significance of findings in their various fields.
Many of the great advances in civilization have been the product of these two ways of thinking working together. Artists, poets, musicians, and other mythical thinkers rely on the tools and techniques of logos for their own works of mythos: The pursuits of logos are in turn influenced by mythos: Products of logos enable us to communicate with the people who matter most to us even when they are thousands of miles awaybut mythos provides the context for us to know which people matter and what we should say to them when we do communicate.
These exchanges, interactions, and dependencies demonstrate to me that mythos and logos are best seen as complementary to each other. Though we have inherited great traditions in both mythical thinking and logical thinking, logical thinking has risen to such prominence that many no longer realize any another approach exists.
The decline of mythical thinking throughout much of the industrialized world has resulted in the unfortunate loss of a sense of transcendence and of the value of human life.
Some people argue that this has been responsible for much of the devastation in the last one hundred years. I explore this connection in an article discussing Shikastaa science-fiction novel by Doris Lessing.
One of my main goals with this site is the opportunity to explore for myself this integration of mythos and logos. I will continue to publish articles that explore myths and mythical thinking: But I would also love to hear from you: What has led you to appreciate mythos in a logos-heavy culture?
In what ways have you embraced it and what value have you found in it? How do you think we should best integrate mythical and logical thinking?
Translated by Henrik Mossin. Walter De Gruyter Incorporated, From Myth to Reason? Studies in the Development of Greek Thought. It has long been taken for granted that Greek society moved from mythos to logos in the sixth to fourth centuries BCE, culminating in the works of Aristotle.
Recent scholars, however, are challenging this generalization and seeking to understand the importance of mythos throughout Greek society. This book contains papers delivered at an academic conference in exploring this theme.Reading, Writing, and Thinking like a Scientist.
Cervetti, Gina; Pearson, P. and the role of text in disciplinary learning. The authors conclude that reading, writing, and language are best viewed as closely tied to inquiry and meaning-making in different disciplines, and, as such, are best positioned as a set of tools used to support.
Reflecting analytical processes common to all research thinking and writing, this practical composition guide offers a fully integrated study of the inquiry and writing process, and arms users with the tools they will need to successfully produce and communicate the written word in .
Step Three – Valuation Determination.
The third step is to determine the value of the securities portfolio. Advisers must report the current market value of the assets held in securities portfolios, calculated within 90 days prior to the date of filing the Form ADV.
How to Cite. Cervetti, G. and Pearson, P. (), Reading, Writing, and Thinking Like a Scientist. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, – doi: This report presents in-depth reviews of nine promising online reading and writing tools for ELA classrooms.
Overall, reviewers found these new resources mostly reflect the instructional shifts called for by Common Core (such as including a balance of text types and text-dependent questions for reading and writing).
Recommended resources Article about reading comprehension. View article abstract: Effective Schools and Accomplished Teachers: Lessons about Primary-Grade Reading Instruction in Low-Income Schools, by Barbara M.
Taylor, P. David Pearson, Kathleen Clark and Sharon Walpole (Elementary School Journal) Books by our presenters. The links below to timberdesignmag.com are provided for your convenience.